procedure replaces a damaged anterior cruciate ligament (ACL). The
ACL connects the front top of the tibia (the lower leg bone), to
the rear bottom of the femur (the thigh bone).
technique is designed to treat and repair cartilage defects by regenerating
the patient's own hyaline cartilage, (a weight-bearing cartilage
that lines the surface of the knee joint).
surgery is used to diagnose and treat many joint problems. This
significant advance in joint care allows for a rapid return to improved
activity. Most commonly used in knees, shoulders and ankles, the
arthroscope can also be used for the spine, hips, wrists, and elbows.
This animation shows the knee joint.
meniscus is a band of cartilage in the knee that acts as a shock
absorber and provides stability to the knee joint. The meniscus
helps protect the articular cartilage, the smooth covering on the
ends of the femur and tibia. If a meniscus tears, it can often be
repaired through arthroscopic surgery.
procedure restores function to a severely damaged knee. Most commonly,
it is used to repair a knee that has been damaged by arthritis.
During the procedure, the surgeon replaces the damaged portions
of the knee with artificial parts. These parts consist of a metal
femoral component, a metal tibial component and a plastic spacer.
A small plastic patellar component may also be used.